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Assessment is the process of determining whether instructional objectives have been met. Assessment is an essential component of of instructional design.


The first step in creating instruction is setting objectives. These are the same objectives that are used in assessment

educational objectives

There are two types of instructional objectives, general instructional objectives (GIO) and specific learner outcomes (SLO).

General Instructional Objective (GIO)

  • GIOs state general purpose for the course
  • They are generally made up of a variety of sub-behaviors

Specific Learner outcomes (SLO)

  • You will always have multiple SLOs for each GIO.
  • SLOs "indicator behaviors" - no one of them by themselves is sufficient, but together they provide evidence that the GIO has been acheived.
  • SLOs are not prerequisite behaviors for the GIO (that would be a different GIO).

Evaluating Objectives

When evaluating objectives, one should look for the following:

  • Comprehensiveness
  • Congruency with societal values and prescribed school functions
  • Psychological soundness
  • Practical utility
  • Feasibility
  • Consistency
  • Completeness


Creating Test Items

Constructed Response
Generate your own options, such as essay and short answer questions.


Selected Response
choosing from options provided, such as multiple-choice, matcing, alternative response (true/false, yes/no, and any other binary choice questions)


Education Demographics

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